(Site Map - Presenting the various energy technologies in their contexts.)                                                                                    
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Part A:  Introduction: Replacing Fossil Fuels with Equivalent Biosynfuels
    1 (Dir)  Introduction: Replacing Fossil Fuels with Equivalent Biosynfuels  Biosynfuels are carbon-neutral. Carbon-capturing biosynfuel emissions is carbon-negative.
Part B:  Gateways to Equivalent Biosynfuels
2 (Dir)  Energy Park Biosynfuels  Unneeded small coal power plant sites have all the "right stuff" to make sites where carbon-neutral biosynfuels can be manufactured from biomass.
    3 (Dir)  Advanced Combustion Energy  "Carbon-capture", "Carbon-neutral", and "Carbon-negative" are all advanced combustions.  "Carbon-positive" is what causes Climate Change..
    4 (Dir)  Advanced Nuclear Energy  Your grandfather's nuclear reactor is water cooled. Back in your great-grandfather's day, steam locomotive explosions leveled small towns.
Part C:  Replacing The Fossil Fuels
5 (Dir)  Replacing Big Coal. Decarbonization of the world's 1,200 largest coal power plants through replacing their coal boilers with advanced molten-salt steam generators.
 (Dir)  Replacing Oil. Energy Park Liquid Fuels. "Drop-in" equivalent biosynfuels to achieve the carbon neutralization of vehicle and heating combustion fuels. 
7 (Dir)   Replacing Small Coal. Using Integral Carbon Capture (ICC) to decarbonize Combined Heat and Power (CHP) cogeneration systems for industrial building complexes.
    8 (Dir)  Replacing Natural Gas. Energy Park Gas Fuels. "Drop-in" equivalent biosyngas to achieve the carbon neutralization of city residential and commercial heating systems. 
Part D:  Beyond Replacing Fossil Fuels
    9 (Dir)  Energy Efficiency
  10 (Dir)  Population, Resiliency, and Adaptation: Surviving in a severely Climate Changed world.


About: This is an unfunded personal web site by a retired control systems engineer dedicated to informing the general public about stopping the progress of Climate Change.

If the truth be known, the Climate Change situation is much worse than is generally realized. In fact, if we could stop 100% of coal, oil, and natural gas burning, we would be ending only about 57% of all the gasses that are causing Climate Change.

In the scenario presented on this web site, ending some of Climate Change's progress would be achieved by using carbon captured fossil fuel heat - natural gas and oil - to make both electricity and also for manufacturing biosynfuels. The biosynfuels would be manufactured from local biomass to produce synthetic "drop-in" equivalents to current fossil fuels. Since biomass (garbage, wood chips, agwaste, sewage) comes from plants that grew by taking CO2 FROM the air, by using biomass as feedstock no new CO2 would be added to the air when the biosynfuels are burned, so no net increase in Climate Change would occur.

In the future, after the world has used up all the fossil fuels and their Climate Changing CO2 has been captured and returned to secure deep underground storage, small nuclear reactors would be used to provide the necessary heat to make biosynfuels. It should be pointed out that carbon capture is usually about 90% effective so nuclear's complete lack of CO2 emissions is an inducement for early switching from carbon captured heat to nuclear heat.

Further, Carbon Capturing and storing the CO2 produced by burning biosynfuels would have the net result of removing Climate Changing CO2 from the air, thus REVERSING the progress of Climate Change.
All material on this web site was gathered from the internet and is being cited here for educational purposes only without any author's or publisher's knowledge.
Some material has been annotated by this web site's author. Items will be upgraded, replaced, or removed as better material becomes available.

This site's suggestions need to be properly vetted by competent engineering companies such as Bechtel or Fluor before anyone should consider taking these suggestions to the bank. 
The Devil hides in the details. Engineering a detailed preliminary design of a pilot plant for something untried is a good way to vet an idea.




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