StoppingClimateChange.com                                                                                   7,  Catalytic Biosynfuel Refinery
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Site Facilities:     1  Unneeded Old Coal Power Plant      2  New Power Plant Building       
Power Plant:       3  Power Plant Choices    3a  Pilot Plant Power Drop  CCS:  3b  Natural Gas    3c Hybrid CO2  Nuclear:  3d  GA 1,560°F    3e  NuScale 550°F    3f  ThorCon 1,300°F    3g  Terrestrial  1,300°F 

Fuel Feedstock:  4  Hydrogen and Steam Generators      5  Biomass Preparation      6  Plasma Torch Biomass Gasifier     
Refinery:             7  Biosynfuel Refinery      8 Biosynthetic Fuels     
8a Cellulosic E85 BioEthanol     8b Cellulosic M70 BioMethanol     8c Cellulosic BioDiesel     8d Green Hydrogen
 
What:
Where:
When:
Why: 
How: 

Catalytic Biosynfuel Refinery for Synthesis of
Fuel from Cellulosic Biomass CO
2 Syngas and Hydrogen
Syngas-to-Liquids (GTL) Technologies

Methanol Institute:   www.methanol.org          Pilot Plant Size Equipment:  http://www.gastechno.com/ 

National Energy Technology Laboratories:    https://www.netl.doe.gov/research/coal/energy-systems/gasification/gasifipedia/methanol  

(along with Methanol to Gasoline Conversion - Mobil Process)

National Energy Technology Laboratories:    https://www.netl.doe.gov/research/coal/energy-systems/gasification/gasifipedia/methanol-to-gasoline 

National Renewable Energy Laboratories:    https://www.nrel.gov/ 

Good casual overview:  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260188312_From_syngas_to_fuels_and_chemicals_Chemical_and_biotechnological_routes 

 

The world produces and consumes about 100 million barrels of oil per day - or about 36,500 million (36.5 billion) barrels of oil per year. Since the standard 42 gallon barrel of oil weighs 275 pounds - or about 0.138 tons (275lbs per barrel / 2000lbs per ton = 0.138tons per barrel), this means the world is burning about 5 billion tons of oil per year (36.5 billion barrels * 0.138 tons/barrel).

The United States consumes about 20 million barrels of oil per day - or about 7.3 billion barrels of oil per year - or about 1 billion tons of oil per year. So the report above has us covered.

(As always, the Devil is in the details.)

And the above is just from tree trimmings, etc. Also "Metropolitan Solid Waste or MSW", better known as city garbage, city and septic tank sewage, feedlot agricultural waste, "Black Liquor" boiler fuel from paper mills (they can use the tiny nuclear reactors instead for heat and electricity). Since we're running on nuclear heat, in case we have too much water in the plasma torch mix, drying things out without too much cost or emissions should be feasible.

www.alternrg.com/    [PDF]Alter NRG Plasma Gasification:     

 

 

                    

(Left) Carbon Dioxide produced per million British Thermal Units (BTU) of heat.                       (Right) Combustion Fuel Candidates         

How to think about replacing the fossil fuels that have served mankind so well for so long?

Job #1: Replace coal with nuclear. (The worst at 206 pounds of CO2 per million BTU.)
Job #2: Replace oil with cellulosic biosynthetic combustion fuels. (161 pounds of CO2 per million BTU.)
Job #3: Replace natural gas with biosynthetic hydrogen heating gas. (117 pounds of CO2 per million BTU.)

As you can see from above, wood (cellulose) is really loaded with carbon-neutral carbon that can make a lot of biosynthetic liquid fuel per BTU. This is why your author selected the electrically powered plasma gasification column instead of the autothermal incinerating gasifiers.  Captured CO2 in cellulose is too damn valuable to burn.

 

Replacing coal with nuclear to make electricity is the easy part.

Replacing oil and heating gas with CO2-neutral biosynthetic fuels is the hard part. How much will we need to make?

We will need about 8,000 or so Clean Energy Park facilities like the one this website is talking about to replace coal (with nuclear) and oil (with biosynfuels). This website's facility is limited by it's plasma torch column to gasifying a maximum of 200 tons of cellulosic biomass per day. It has to share it's 500 megaWatt(e) nuclear electricity generator with a thermochemical hydrogen generator and whatever electrical and thermal energy the catalytic biosynfuel refinery requires along with the electricity demand of the park's nearby cities.

There is a diversity factor over the plant's 24 hour/7day per week operating cycle that may make predictable peak energies available:

(Above) A ThorCon dual reactor installation is good for 250 + 250 megaWatts maximum. Not all that big when you consider the heat load presented by
chemical water splitting and energy needed to control catalytic hydrocarbon molecule joining. Fortunately, both hydrogen and oxygen can be stored for later use.

Looks like making biosynfuels will be a night job for the ThorCons.

INFRA and Greenway to partner on GTL plants

Greenway Technologies Inc. and INFRA Technology LLC, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Greenway Innovative Energy (GIE), have signed a non-exclusive Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to jointly design and deliver Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) plants combining their respective proprietary technologies: INFRA’s xtl and GIE’s G-Reformer.

INFRA Technology group has developed and patented a proprietary Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) technology (INFRA.xtl), based on the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process, for the production of light synthetic oil—which is close to a product, characterized by Shultz-Flory alpha of 0.77—and clean liquid synthetic transportation fuels from natural and associated gas, as well as from biomass and other fossil fuels (XTL).

INFRA has commissioned its own production of the proprietary Fischer-Tropsch catalysts. Production capacity is up to 30 tons per year.

http://www.greencarcongress.com/2018/09/20180902-infra.html 

GIE has developed and patented a transportable, scalable and economic converter for synthesis gas generation needed to feed an F-T reactor called the G-Reformer.

In addition to these necessary components, building GTL plants requires the leadership and financial discipline of an Engineering Procurement Contractor (EPC) to deliver on-time and on-budget build programs. GIE has been working with Audubon Engineering for several years and named the company its EPC firm in 2018.

The agreement addresses the need to process various natural gas streams into liquid fuels. There are worldwide initiatives underway to reduce the amount of flared and vented gases which waste valuable natural resources and contribute to CO2 emissions.

By combining the capabilities of both companies, the time to deploy plants capable of processing flared or vented gas will be reduced. GTL systems from the companies can also be used to process coal and biomass assets providing the ability to convert these natural gas streams into useable products including diesel, gasoline, and jet fuel. These fuels, derived from natural gas, will be incrementally cleaner than similar petroleum-based fuels.

Currently, INFRA’s team is performing start-up operations on a 100 bpd demonstration plant (M100) located in Wharton, Texas. The company’s plant will convert natural gas to SynCrude, with components of diesel, gasoline, and jet fuel. This demonstration plant has a modular design that will allow integration of other components for testing, such as the G-Reformer technology from GIE, and the catalysts that produce varying fractional amounts of end-product for sale.

This plant also provides the scalable design baseline for larger plants and serves as an economic model for the technology, process, and design proof.

Comments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A pilot plant size methanol synthesis facility.

 

A nuclear reactor powered Energy Park size M80 methanol, M10 gasoline, and diesel synthesis facility.

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Oil refinery in Texas. They can add small underground nuclear reactors to manufacture biosynfuels from air's CO2 and water's Hydrogen (H2).

 

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https://www.mattershift.com/technology 

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Footnotes & Links

In general, this facility would be defined by local and national building and electrical codes, and supplemented by constraints from the relevant equipment manufacturers.

The particular biosynfuel refinery being contemplated here is new territory with the material below providing some insight on how they might be designed.

 

This website is a draft. The candidate document's footnote numbers go with a private database. Copy the document's title and submit it to Google. The document may still be posted on the Internet.

 

Green Freedom: 17.218 17.702 17.704 17.705 17.707
http://bioage.typepad.com/greencarcongress/docs/greenfreedom.pdf 

2.701 ----- Biomass Companies
2.702 ----- BIOSYNGAS - Description of R&D trajectory necessary to reach large-scale implementation of renewable syngas from biomass
2.703 ----- COST ESTIMATE for biosynfuel production via biosyncrude gasification
2.704 ----- Methanol Overview - Chemistry and Manufacture - ppt
2.705 ----- Why Syngas to make Methanol - Methanol to Gasoline Production - ppsx
2.706 ----- 16.602 ----- Large-Scale Pyrolysis Oil Production - A Technology Assessment and Economic Analysis
2.707 ----- 16.603 ----- Production of Bio-methanol - Technology Brief
2.708 ----- 16.604 ----- PRODUCTION OF BIO-METHANOL
2.709 ----- 16.605 ----- Methanol as an alternative transportation fuel in the US - Options for sustainable and or energy-secure transportation
2.710 ----- 16.606 ----- Cost-competitive, efficient bio0methanol production from biomass via black liquor gasification
2.711 ----- 16.607 ----- Market Study for the Production of Second Generation Bioliquids
2.712 ----- 16.608 ----- Biomethanol as a second-generation biofuel for transportation
2.713 ----- 16.609 ----- Biomethanol Production and CO2 Emission Reduction from Forage Grasses, Trees, and Crop Residues
2.714 ----- 16.610 ----- What is Biomass
2.715 ----- 16.611 ----- IEAGHG Information Paper - 2016-IP4 - Developments in Renewable Methanol Production
2.716 ----- 16.612 ----- Turbomachinery in Biofuel Production
2.717 ----- 16.613 ----- Biofuels sources, biofuel policy, biofuel economy and global biofuel projections
2.718 ----- 16.614 ----- World's first Commercial Scale Biomethanol Plant in Hagfors SWEDEN
2.719 ----- 16.615 ----- FEMA Emergency Wood Gasifier
2.720 ----- 16.616 ----- FEMA Emergency Power Systems for Critical Facilities - A best Practices Approach to Improving Reliability
2.721 ----- 16.617 ----- Iowa State to manage biorefinery projects for new Manufacturing USA Institute
2.722 ----- Computer Modeling A Methanol Production Process ppt
2.723 ----- Methanol Institute Presentation Slide Presentation
2.724 ----- BLACK LIQUOR - Fact Sheet
2.727 ----- Enerkem, NREL team develops High Octane Low Carbon Gasoline (HOLCG) hydrocarbon blends

 

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News Notes

StoppingClimateChange.com                                                                        8  Biosynfuel Refinery Products
Home Page     Sitemap      About      Foreword     Introductory Tour      The Technology      Footnotes & Links

1  Unneeded Old Coal Power Plant      2  New Electricity Generator Building       
3  Power Plant Choices      3a  Pilot Plant Power      3b  Carbon Capture Power      3c  NuScale Nuclear Reactor      3d  ThorCon Nuclear Reactor      3e  General Atomics Nuclear Reactor

4  Hydrogen and Steam Generators      5  Biomass Preparation      6  Plasma Torch Biomass Gasifier      7  Biosynfuel Refinery      8  Biosynfuel Products      8a Synthetic Carbon-neutral Ethanol

    Biosynfuel Refinery Products
- with SYNTHETIC CELLULOSIC FUEL ETHANOL
as a gasoline additive being JOB #1
Why?

Burning food crops [like corn] to produce biofuels is a crime against humanity
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/2013/nov/26/burning-food-crops-biofuels-crime-humanity 


 

Basic Liquid Fuels Synthesis from Syngas via Catalytic Reaction plus Hydrogen plus Heat 
Syngas can also be produced from Plasma Gasified Biomass.

http://nordicbluecrude.no/   Diesel from Fischer-Tropsch 

 

 

(Below) Notice that all the different fuels illustrated below are simply different combinations of carbon and hydrogen.
That means we can make them ALL with the ingredients available at Clean Energy Parks.

 

 


 

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https://enerkem.com/facilities/enerkem-alberta-biofuels/ 

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 http://thorconpower.com/          http://www.ethanolrfa.org/resources/industry/statistics/ 

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To:  8a Synthetic Carbon-neutral Ethanol  Page

 

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Footnotes & Links

The biosynfuel processes being examined here are both existing and new territory with the material below providing some insight on how they might be designed.

 

             

Emissions are not just about carbon dioxide (CO2). In addition to being fire hazards forever, batteries make a whole bunch of environment-damaging emissions also.
Carbon-neutral replacement fuels take advantage of all the combustion emission achievements that took so much time and money to develop in the past.

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Footnotes & Links

This website is a draft. The candidate document's footnote numbers go with a private database. Copy the document's title and submit it to Google. The document may still be posted on the Internet.

https://enerkem.com/facilities/enerkem-alberta-biofuels/ 

 

2.806 ----- Production of Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas by High Temperature Electrolysis
2.807 ----- Bringing biofuels on the market - Options to increase EU biofuels volumes
2.808 -----
2.809 ----- Bio-Methane and Bio-hydrogen
2.810 ----- Methanol - The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future - Index Only
2.811 ----- Alternative Energy and Feedstock Sources in the Current Chemical Landscape - the Methanol Perspective
2.812 ----- Application of Power to Methanol Technology to Integrated Steelworks for Profitability and CO2 Reduction
2.813 ----- A Novel Condensation Reactor for CO2 to Methanol Conversion for Storage of Renewable Electric Energy
2.814 ----- European chemistry for growth - Unlocking a competitive, low carbon and energy efficient future
2.815 ----- Evaluation of Co-Gasification of Black Liquor and Pyrolysis Liquids from a National Systems Perspective
2.816 ----- CO2 as Feedstock
2.817 ----- Production of Bio-methanol
2.818 ----- Biocatalytic Conversion of Methane to Methanol as a Key Step for Development of Methane-based Biorefineries
2.819 ----- Methanol as an alternative transportation fuel in the US - MIT
2.820 ----- Petrochemical Outlook - Challenges and Opportunities - Prepared for EU-OPEC Dialogue - Slide Presentatio
2.821 ----- China's use of fuel methanol and implications on future energy trends
2.822 ----- The Methanol Story - A Sustainable Fuel for the Future
2.823 ----- The Future of Methanol Fuel - An analysis on the feasibility of methanol as an alternative fuel
2.824 ----- Methanol as a New Energy Carrier

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News Notes