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Site Facilities:     1  Unneeded Old Coal Power Plant      2  New Power Plant Building       
Power Plant:       3  Power Plant Choices      3a  Pilot Plant Power Drop      3b  Carbon Capture Power     REACTORS:    3c  GA 1,560F     3d  NuScale 550F     3e  ThorCon 1,300F     3f  Terrestrial  1,300F 

Fuel Feedstock:  4  Hydrogen and Steam Generators      5  Biomass Preparation      6  Plasma Torch Biomass Gasifier     
Refinery:             7  Biosynfuel Refinery      8 Biosynthetic Fuels     
8a Cellulosic E85 BioEthanol     8b Cellulosic M70 BioMethanol     8c Cellulosic BioDiesel     8d Green Hydrogen

ThorCon: A 500 megaWatt(e) Underground Molten Salt Reactor
(Pairs of 250 megaWatt(e) reactor-electricity generators.)

http://thorconpower.com/  
http://thorconpower.com/thorcons-green-nuclear-power-gains-momentum              http://euanmearns.com/thorcon-molten-salt-fission-power-plant/  (Detailed description)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3HP98Y61wnw&feature=youtu.be 

Molten Salt Reactors are most likely to be the leading next generation of nuclear technology. Their thorium fuel and modular mass-producible economics are well-suited to replace both the existing coal and the current generation of marginally safe solid fuel Water Cooled Reactors.

Their energy density has been mentioned as being 20 to 50 times greater than solid fuel water cooled submarine reactors, the current record holder for modern nuclear reactors.

The 550F operating temperature of solid fuel water cooled reactors means they have no chance of replacing the heat of fossil fuels beyond boiling water to power low-efficiency steam turbines. Molten salt (1,300F salt) and pebble bed (1,800F helium) reactors can equal or exceed the performance of coal (1,100F steam).

ThorCon sites are two unit sites. Two unit nuclear sites produce better economics and reliability.

Other companies developing canister type molten salt reactors include Terrestrial Power's IMSR and several in both Europe and Asia.

See also:  https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2018/jan/01/on-its-hundredth-birthday-in-1959-edward-teller-warned-the-oil-industry-about-global-warming

Moir - Teller Association.pdf     MSR - Thorium-Fueled Underground Power Plant Based On Molten Salt Technology - moir_teller.pdf  

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A Pair of ThorConIsle 500 megaWatt(e) nuclear barges.
The radioactivity goes away with the exchangeable nuclear reactors.
How ThorConIsle nuclear barge power plants could repower a coastal megapolis like Tampa, Florida.

ThorConIsle - Design Paper.pdf
 

The Reactor End Is The End Away From Land.

 

A 5-Exchangable Reactor Fuel Ship Removing A Spent Reactor "Can", Delivering A Fresh "Can".

ThorConIsle Barge Lengthwise Section View Showing 1 of 2 Nuclear Power Plants.

 


 

 

                   

Another molten salt reactor company, Terrestrial Energy of Canada, posted some very easy to understand schematic layouts illustrating what is possible with a a modern exchangeable reactor power plant.

 

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Their motto: "If it isn't cheaper than coal, forget it".

https://neutronbytes.com/2017/12/06/thorcons-nuclear-msr-design-gains-momentum/   - Dan Yurman

"ThorCon employs a moderately high energy density resulting in a short (4 year) moderator life. A ThorCon plant is made up  of one or more 250 MWe modules. Each module consists of two sealed Cans. Each Can houses a 250 MWe primary loop including a  Pot (reactor), pump, and primary heat exchanger (PHX). The two Cans are duplexed. At any time, one Can is operating and the other is in cool-down or stand-by mode. The plant is designed so that the change out of a cooled-down Can is safe and quick."    ThorCon exec_summary.pdf  (Written by a person experienced in building supertankers. Please try to find the time to read the Abstract. The entire summary will give you some idea of how backwards today's nuclear reactors are and how the ThorCon was designed to be relatively inexpensively mass-produced, not unlike an airplane or ship.)  ThorCon Slide Presentation to Oak Ridge National Laboratories.pdf
 

ThorCon Estimated Heat Balance - From ThorCon web site library. - Blue English conversion notes by site author.

Underground ThorCon 250 megaWatt (e) Nuclear Steam Generator Module
ThorCon Silo Dimensions - From ThorCon web site library. - Blue English conversion notes by site author.

(Above) Major components of a ThorCon molten salt reactor.

 

 

 

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How Thorium Works

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Safety

The experience of the MSRE is indeed applicable to building the safety case. The improved ThorCon design, based on the MSDR, has multiple barriers to radioactive material dispersion and multiple systems for decay heat removal. This permits testing without fear that a single mistake will lead to a radioactive release. We plan to argue that the EPZ is the plant site boundary. The 250 MWe scale of the power module makes such testing feasible. The design uses commercial materials known to be compatible with the molten salt environment. We plan on testing the prototype, first with no fissile materials, using electric heating to bring pressures and temperatures to operational levels. The regulator will be invited to participate to became familiar with the technology and ThorCon.

The finished prototype will be tested in Indonesia in a step-by-step commissioning process, with each step requiring approval of the test approval committee of international experts appointed by the regulator. The 250 MWe scale of the power module makes such testing feasible. After two years we expect to obtain a type license for future commercial power plants.

Todays giant LWRs are licensed without testing.

 

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Part 2

Nuclear Waste: The Sub-Seabed Solution
The radioactivity goes away with the nuclear barge.

The entire world of nuclear energy has bungled the issue of nuclear waste.  Here is a better idea:


http://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/issues/96oct/seabed/seabed.htm

CNNC to construct Chinese prototype floating nuclear plant, other nuclear barge items

 

 

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Footnotes & Links

This facility is clearly defined by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, local and national building and electrical codes, and supplemented by constraints from the relevant equipment manufacturers.

This website is a draft. The candidate document's footnote numbers go with a private database. Copy the document's title and submit it to Google. The document may still be posted on the Internet.

From:  http://thorconpower.com/library 

2.305.01.00 ---------- DOCUMENTS --------------------
2.305.01.01 ----- ThorCon, the Do-able Molten Salt Reactor
2.305.01.02 ----- Clean and Doable Liquid Fission (LF) Energy Roadmap for Powering our World
2.305.01.03 ----- Who will be ThorCon's EPC (Engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contractor) Contractor 
                          https://atomicinsights.com/will-thorcons-epc-contractor/  [This is where the rubber hits the road.]
2.305.01.04 ----- Executive Summary [81 page detailed descriptions and sketches of the ThorCon reactor.]
2.305.01.05 ----- Using ThorCon to Downgrade Weapons Grade Plutonium
2.305.01.06 ----- A Tale of Two Ships
2.305.01.07 ----- The Nuclear Waste Problem
2.305.01.08 ----- A Modest Proposal
2.305.01.09 ----- The Sigmoid No Threshold Radiation Dose Response Model
2.305.01.10 ----- Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors
2.305.01.11 ----- ThorCon's Uranium Consumption
2.305.01.12 ----- IAEA ARIS ThorCon description
2.305.01.13 ----- Promex Manual
2.305.02.00 ---------- PRESENTATIONS --------------------
2.305.02.01 ----- Solving both the Energy Poverty and Climate Problems, August 21, 2017
2.305.02.02 ----- Dane Wilson's Status Report at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 5, 2016
2.305.02.03 ----- Lars Jorgensen's Presentation at TEAC7, June 3, 2016
2.305.02.04 ----- Six Slide Summary
2.305.02.05 ----- Chris Uhlik's Presentation at Tridec in Kennewick, WA, Jan 26, 2015
2.305.02.06 ----- 3rd International Workshop on accelerator-driven sub-critical systems and thorium utilization, Oct 15, 2014
2.305.02.07 ----- Thorium Energy Alliance Conference, May 29, 2014
2.305.03.00 ---------- HISTORY --------------------
2.305.03.01 ----- History of Liquid Fuel Reactors
2.305.03.02 ----- MSRE (Molten Salt Reactor Experiment)
2.305.03.03 ----- Hanford
2.305.03.04 ----- Nautilus (First nuclear submarine)
2.305.03.05 ----- Camp Century
2.305.04.00 ---------- ANSWERS --------------------
2.305.04.01 ----- Spec Sheet
2.305.04.02 ----- Safety Sheet
2.305.04.03 ----- Frequently Asked Questions


From StoppingClimateChange Database Collection:

2.302 ----- Can nuclear and renewables coexist - Can Reactors React -pdf
2.303 ----- Is nuclear energy flexible
2.304 ----- Nuclear Power and Sustainable Development - Pub1754web-26894285
2.305 ----- Uranium Seawater Extraction Makes Nuclear Power Completely Renewable
2.306 ----- 10.106 ----- Molten Salt Reactor - IAEA to Establish New Platform For Collaboration
2.306.1 ----- Solar Power's greatest challenge was discovered 10 years ago. It looks like a duck
2.307 ----- 11.602 ----- Thorium-Fuelled Molten Salt Reactors - Weinburg Foundation Report - 20132.308 ----- 11.605 ----- Objections To Molten Salt Thorium Reactors
2.309 ----- 11.626 ----- Molten Salt Reactor Feasibility Study
2.310 ----- 11.700 ---------- MOLTEN SALT HEAT TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY ---------------------
2.311 ----- 11.702----- Solar Collector Molten Salt Paper
2.312 ----- 11.704 ----- Molten Salts For High Temperature Reactors
2.313 ----- 11.706 -- KEY --- Assessment of Candidate Molten Salt Coolants
2.314 ----- 11.710 ----- Assessment Of A Molten Salt In A Parabolic Trough Solar Field
2.315 ----- 11.714 ----- Why The Molten Salt Reactor Was Never Developed - Bruce Hoglund
2.316 ----- 11.715 ----- Molten Salt Heat Transfer Testing Loop - FLiBe, Pumps, Heat Exchangers, etc
2.317 ----- 11.716 ----- Molten Salt Reactor Adventure - H G MacPherson
2.318 ----- 11.718 ----- Assessment Of A Molten Salt Heat Transfer Fluid
2.319 ----- 11.720 ----- Process Heat Transfer With Molten Salts
2.320 ----- 11.722 ----- What Is Molten Salt Heat Transfer - Bruce Hoglund
2.321 ----- 12.200 ---------- MOLTEN SALT REACTORS --------------------------------------------
2.322 ----- 12.202 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - Safety Options Galore
2.324 ----- 12.203 ----- Key Paper - Molten Salt Reactors - History, Status, and Potential
2.325 ----- 12.204 ----- The Multi-Mission Molten Salt Reactor
2.326 ----- 12.206 ----- Molten Salt Reactor Benchmark Problem to Constrain Plutonium
2.327 ----- 12.207 ----- Molten Salt Coolants for High Temperature Reactors
2.328 ----- 12.208 ----- High Temperature Molten Salt Coolants
2.329 ----- 12.209 ----- Thermal and Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactors
2.330 ----- 12.213 ----- Molten Salt Fuels for Nuclear Waste Transmutation
2.331 ----- 12.214 ----- Safety and Licensing Aspects of the Molten Salt Reactor
2.332 ----- 12.217 ----- Alternatives for the Removal and Disposition of Molten Salt Reactor Salts
2.333 ----- 12.227 ----- KEY PAPER ---- Molten Salt Reactor Concepts With Reduced Potential for Proliferation - EBASCO - IEA-77-13
2.334 ----- 12.229 ----- The Multiregion Molten Salt Reactor Concept
2.335 ----- 12.232 ---------- The Molten Salt Reactor Adventure - H.G. MacPherson
2.336 ----- 12.234 ----- Appendix 6 0 Molten Salt Reactor
2.337 ----- 12.237 ----- The Molten Salt Hybrid
2.338 ----- 12.241 ----- The Multi-Mission Molten Salt Reactor (MSR)
2.339 ----- 12.242 ----- Vallecitos Molten Salt Research - Recommendations for a restart of MSR development
2.340 ----- 12.244 ----- Moir - Teller - Thorium-Fueled Underground Power Plant Based On Molten Salt Technology
2.341 ----- 12.246 ----- Cost of electricity from Molten Salt Reactors - Moir - MSR
2.342 ----- 12.248 ----- 1000 mWe - Capital Cost Evaluation 1000 mWe Molten Salt Converter Reactor Power Plants
2.343 ----- 12.258 ----- MOLTEN SALT REACTORS SAFETY OPTIONS GALORE
2.344 ----- 12.260 ----- Reactors with Molten Salts - Options and Missions - CWForsberg
2.345 ----- 12.261 ----- MOLTEN SALTS for HIGH TEMPERATURE REACTORS
2.346 ----- 12.262 ---------- HIGH TEMPERATURE MOLTEN SALT PUMPS
2.347 ----- 12.263 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - 1958 Outlook
2.348 ----- 12.264 ----- Studies on Components for a Molten Salt Reactor
2.349 ----- 12.267 ----- DMSR - Denatured Molten Salt Reactors
2.350 ----- 12.272 ----- KEY DESIGN PAPER - Deep-Burn Molten Salt Reactors - Moir
2.351 ----- 12.273 ----- Cost of electricity from Molten Salt Reactors MSR - Moir
2.352 ----- 12.274 ----- Recommendations for a restart of molten salt reactor development - Moir
2.353 ----- 12.276 ----- Suggested research topics for molten salt reactors - Moir
2.354 ----- 12.282 ----- TRANSIENT RESPONSE of Small Molten Salt Reactor at Duct Blockage Accident
2.355 ----- 12.295 ----- Molten salt reactors - A new beginning for an old idea
2.356 ----- 12.900 ---------- 1,300F MOLTEN SALT REACTORS - GENERAL - Cooled Slow Neutron, Uranium and or Thorium Powered, Nuclear Reactor
2.357 ----- 12.901 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - Safety Options Galore
2.358 ----- 12.903 ----- Dr Charles Forsberg --- Combined Cycle Molten Salt Power Plant Video
2.359 ----- 12.910 ----- MOLTEN SALT REACTORS, LFTRS - -
2.360 ----- 12.912 -- KEY --- Feasibility Study of a Pilot Scale Molten Salt Reactor Demonstration
2.361 ----- 12.914 ---------- MOLTEN SALT REACTORS - PART II
2.362 ----- 12.916 ----- 2012 Masters Thesis for Convection Cooled Molten Salt Reactor
2.363 ----- 12.918 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - IAEA to Establish New Platform for Collaboration
2.364 ----- 12.921 ----- MOLTEN SALT REACTOR UPDATE - May 2017 - World Nuclear Association
2.365 ----- 12.927 ----- Development Status of Molten Salt Reactors - 1972
2.366 ----- 12.928 ----- An Advanced Molten Salt Reactor Using High-Temperature Reactor Technology
2.367 ----- 12.932 ----- A simple and SMAHTR way to build a molten salt reactor from Canada - Mark Halper David LeBlanc
2.368 ----- 12.935 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - April 2016 World Nuclear Association Update
2.369 ----- 12.954 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - A new beginning for an old idea - David LeBlanc
2.370 ----- 12.956 ----- Simple Molten Salt Reactors
2.371 ----- 12.962 ----- Experience With The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment
2.372 ----- 12.963 ----- Molten Salt Converter Reactors - From DMSR to SmAHTR - David LeBlanc Slide Show Talk At Mumbai Jan 2013
2.373 ----- 12.972 ---------- MOLTEN SALT REACTOR HISTORY ----------
2.374 ----- 13.000 ----- Items Common To All Specific Molten Salt Reactors - SEE ALSO 54.400 -------
2.375 ----- 13.000 --------------- MOLTEN SALT REACTORS ----- 20 or 40 Folders Per Reactor ----------
2.376 ----- 13.005 ----- ORNL Molten Salt Report
2.377 ----- 13.007 ----- MOLTEN SALT REACTOR Folders --- 7.500 to 7.999 500 Folders
2.378 ----- 13.008 ----- MSR Review - Feasibility of Developing a Pilot Scale Molten Salt Reactor in the UK
2.380 ----- 13.010 ----- Growing interest in molten salt reactors - General review February 29 2016
2.381 ----- 13.012 -- KEY --- Molten Salt Reactor General Report - World Nuclear Association - Sept 8 2016
2.382 ----- 13.015 ----- A great technical achievement, Molten Salt Reactor could be entombed
2.383 ----- 13.044 ----- Molten Salt Reactors, Nuclear Energy, and Thorium
2.384 ----- 13.045 ----- Molten Salt Nuclear Reactors - America's Future
2.385 ----- 13.046 ----- Molten Salt Reactors - Technology revolution in nuclear power could slash costs below coal
2.386 ----- 13.050 ----- TRANSATOMIC molten salt reactor - File Collection
2.387 ----- 13.101 -- KEY --- An Overview of the Integral Molten Salt Reactor
2.388 ----- 13.102 ----- TERRESTRIAL ENERGY molten salt reactor - File Collection (Empty)
2.389 ----- 13.104 ---------- MOLTEN SALT REACTOR - Terrestrial Energy - David LeBlanc (Empty)
2.390 ----- 13.105 ----- Old Dog Learning New Tricks - Integral Molten Salt Reactors and How They Can Change Nuclear Power
2.391 ----- 13.118 ----- MOLTEN SALT COOLED - Advanced High Temperature Reactor
2.392 ----- 13.201 ----- 7 ----- THORCON Molten Salt Reactor ----- 100 ---
2.393 ----- 13.202 ----- THORCON molten salt reactor - File collection
2.394 ----- 13.204 ----- 1000 mWe - Molten Salt Converter Reactor - EBASCO for ORNL
2.395 ----- 13.210 ----- ThorCon - Demonstrated Molten Salt Tech Packaged With Modern Construction Techniques
2.396 ----- 13.281 ----- Elysium 1 gW(e) Molten Salt Reactor
2.397 ----- 13.335 ----- Current Status Of The Advanced High Temperature Reactor - A Molten Salt Reactor
2.398 ----- 54.400 ---------- Molten Salt Reactors --- 100 Folders ----------------------------------------------------
2.399 ----- 54.401 ----- 5 - Integral Molten Salt Reactor - Terrestrial Energy

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This website is a draft. The candidate document's footnote numbers go with a private database. Copy the document's title and submit it to Google. The document may still be posted on the Internet.

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News Notes