Introduction: Repairing the Air
Front Page Prolog Directory
Subjects: 0 Site Introduction: Repairing the Air 1 The Capitol Project: A Demonstration Facility 2 Repairing the Air 3 A Proposed Electric Air Repairing Machine 4 The Class VI CO2 Disposal Well 5 Repairing the Water 6 Nuclear Hydrogen Manufacture
Introduction: Repairing the Air
The most powerful climate changing machines at our
disposal are the world's electricity power plants. Let's use
power plants to our advantage.
"The number of things that would have to happen without direct air capture are so stretching and multiple it's highly unlikely we can meet the Paris Agreements without it" – Ajay Gambhir
The fastest and largest way to cut U.S. emissions by 2030 is likely through the way we generate electricity. The rest of the world will not be as easy.
Nuclear energy may enable the production of enough electricity to both mitigate the growth of the Climate Emergency while also sucking substantial excess CO2 out of the air by 2050.
As it happens, this Website will be emerging over the next several months in much the same manner as a blog. It will be the writings of an engineer who has had several career encounters with Climate Change since the mid-1950s, before it was generally realized Climate Change existed, had a name, and, until the 1990s, was not considered an existential threat to humanity. While vague hints of long-term changes in the weather were detected as early as the 1800s but not realized as significant, the changes in Climate Change between 1990 and today have been startling. For the author, it's as if he has moved 200 miles south. The changes between today, 2030, 2040, and 2050 have the potential to be far more startling in both the climate we will experience and humanity's response to it.
The inspiration for revising my 'Hobby Web Site' along it's present lines came from a paper written by David W. Keith, Geoffrey Holmes, David St. Angelo and Kenton Heidel entitled: "A Process for Capturing CO2 from the Atmosphere", by Keith et al., Joule 2, 1573-1594, Published by Elsevier Inc., August 15, 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). The excellent color pdf of the paper is available for downloading from the internet and is well worth obtaining.
Your author is a retired electrical engineer with
some heavy industrial electrical experience who is contemplating a CO2
sequestration variant of David Keith's basic idea suited for economical use
within the context of electrical utilities.
This Website has always been focused on stopping Climate Change and rolling back existing Climate Change's CO2 to the level mankind experienced at the end of the last Ice Age. The benign climate mankind has been living in for the last 15,000 years or so has been described by Climate Scientists as the 'Optimum Climate for man'. It made agriculture possible and enabled mankind to farm instead of living a nomadic hunter-gatherer life constantly on the very brink of starvation. Changing climate has begun ending mankind's benign 'easy-living' climate period and energy-starved lowest-technology populations, lacking energy to survive, are beginning to become nomadic, ever-moving northward.
This is why "Climate Change" is beginning to morph into "Climate Emergency".
It's going to cost a huge fortune and a lot of time to scrub Climate Change's accumulated excess CO2 out of the sky to reverse the tiny 'Global Warming Begins' uptick at the end of the temperature plot in the chart above..
There Is A Proposal Becoming Popular For
Reducing Climate Change By Half From 420 ppm to 350 ppm
It may be possible to achieve the proposed 420 ppm to 350 ppm CO2 reduction task in a surprisingly short time.
"As of 2018, CO2 constitutes about 0.041% by volume of the atmosphere, (equal to 410 ppm) which corresponds to approximately 3210 gigatonnes of CO2, containing approximately 875 gigatonnes of carbon."
Thorcon, a U.S. Company working in Indonesia.
The world will soon be able to manufacture nuclear power plants at the same rate we manufacture ocean-going ships now.
Sea-going power plant ships can be made by the hundreds quickly, but, unlike land power plants, have relatively short economic lives.
Who Is Most Responsible For
Climate Change's CO2?
The world has about 195 countries.
Most countries are not responsible for very much Climate Change and should not have to contribute a lot of money toward ending Climate Change.
The current "Top Twenty" modern (2015) contributors to Climate Change:
The cumulative (total) emitters of CO2 since the Industrial Revolution began.
Who has the wealth to pay for 'Repairing the Air'?
How wealthy are the individuals?
1, Decarbonization is about
ending the production of adding Climate Changing carbon dioxide (CO2)
to the air. Deep Decarbonization means 80% decarbonization of our energy
2, BECCS is a technology we can use to restore air to the way it has been since time immemorial by removing CO2 from the air (Repair the Air).
IPCC stands for United Nations International Panel on Climate Change, BECCS stands for Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage.
This website is about using biomass-powered BECCS to achieve Deep Decarbonization and Repairing the Air.
To have a chance at limiting warming to 1.5°C and avoiding increasingly severe impacts from climatechange, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that global net anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions must fall by 45% from global 2010 levels by 2030 and reach net-zero by 2050.12 Hitting these targets will require a "rapid and far-reaching" transition across the economy that is "unprecedented in terms of scale."13 - from "The 2020 Democratic Party Climate Crisis Action Plan."
87% Of The World's Energy Is Obtained As Heat
All Things Being Equal,
Life Is Better In Energy-Rich Countries
"Higher incomes, and higher energy use, are the
cure for population growth. The world as a whole is well along in this
Up until now, only one carbon-free energy source has proven able to scale up very quickly and - in the right conditions - affordably. That source is nuclear power."
From "A BRIGHT FUTURE" by Joshua S. Goldstein and Staffan A. Qvist, . . . https://www.publicaffairsbooks.com/?s=a+bright+future
There is a fundamental good in modern energy consumption, particularly for enabling industrialization, agricultural modernization, thus lifting people out of poverty.
In high-energy countries, women don't have to breed large numbers of children sentenced to spend their lives as uneducated, unpaid agricultural workers.
What are the the Safest and Cleanest sources of Energy?
Climate Change Is Changing Business Plans
Aims to use
nature-based solutions (NBS), in line with the philosophy of avoid, reduce
and only then mitigate, to offset emissions of around 120 million tonnes a
year by 2030, with those used being of the highest independently verified
quality. Expects that its total carbon emissions peaked
in 2018 at 1.7 gigatonnes per annum;
Confirms that its total oil production peaked in 2019.
Shell serves more than 1 million commercial and industrial customers, and 30 million customers at 46,000 retail service stations daily.
Heat Conduction AWAY FROM PLANET EARTH IS AN INVERSE ppm RELATIONSHIP. Chart: Radiative Heat Flux in Watts per Square Meter [255 (0 ppm) down to 215 (1000 ppm) away from Planet Earth]
By removing air's CO2 using BECCS and other technologies, we can re-set the world's thermostat to wherever we like. . . . . .
The CO2 in the air acts like a blanket - the more CO2, the thicker the blanket. Taking CO2 out of the air is like taking a blanket off your bed - you feel the change quickly.
How Does Fire Work and How Does The Carbon In Fossil Fuels Get Into The Air?
A More Detailed Look At The Carbon Content Of Common Combustion Fuels
The Relative Amounts Of Energy Sources Available And How They Are Being Used
Carbon Deposits on Planet Earth
There is sufficient underground space to store the CO2 all the above carbon can produce.
Energy Density per Unit Mass Of Common Energy Sources
A Lithium Ion Battery is just barely off zero.