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WOOD'S CHEMISTRY and ENERGY

Using synthetic solid, liquid, and gas fuels made from wood's carbon, if done in a certain way, will make Climate Change go away.
Wood is a legitimate source of energy.  It was once mankind's sole source of dispatchable heat and can be made so again.

We can use Both the Chemistry and the Energy of Wood as GLOBAL THERMOSTAT control mechanisms.
Substituting Synthetic Natural Gas made from carbon-neutral Wood instead of carbon-positive Coal, Oil or Natural Gas will cost more per BTU,
but this approach avoids the cost and time necessary to replace the majority of the World's energy distribution networks and consumer energy consumption equipment.

(Above) Concepts for both CARBON NEUTRALIZATION of all of today's fuels - solid, liquid, and gas -
and simultaneous REMOVAL of
existing Climate Change CO
2 from the air.
(Click To Enlarge)
New nuclear could maximize the manufacture and use of hydrogen in the gas distribution grid (4) thus maximizing the availability and minimizing the cost of synthetic gas from wood for electricity (7).

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These Wood Carbon Synthetic Fuel Parks Located Above CO2 Storage Strata Can Be All Over The World

Syngas + Electricity + Vehicle Fuel Plants:  0 Discussion & Strategy 1 Repairing the AirRepairing the Water 3 EngineeringBiomass Prep.GasifierSyngas Cleanup 7 Methanator 8 Allam Power Plant 9 CO2 Sequestration Vault
Air's CO2, captured by trees as they grow, can be permanently recovered and locked underground forever by BECCS power plants. If trees decay on the forest floor, their CO2 returns to the air to make Climate Change worse.
Similar Plasma Torch Gasifiers have been built and sold in Asia for converting raw (bio+trash) city garbage (Metropolitan Solid Waste - MSW) into adequate quality synthesis gas to power utility electricity generating turbines.
A key critical feature of this power plant site is that it is located directly over an adequate CO2 geological sequestration vault site for fastest and least expensive CarbFix CO2 sequestration.
The Natural Gas Reformer producing the additional hydrogen necessary for the complete Methanation of plasma pyrolyzed wood is operating in the IEA World Energy Council's 'BLUE' Low CO2 Emissions mode. [2.701.98]

Bottom Line: The chemistry to make synthetic natural gas out of wood already exists at small plant size.
This website is suggesting leading chemical engineering and construction companies look into providing wood-gasification systems for large Allam Cycle power plants on a global basis.

It should be pointed out that that a 300 megaWatt power plant can easily power 30,000 10,000 watt houses. This much carbon-neutral synthetic natural gas could also replace the natural gas needed to heat that same town, providing a substantial deep decarbonization.

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                   We can reconfigure "Climate Change" into "Climate Control".
1, Decarbonization is about ending the production of adding additional Climate Changing carbon dioxide (CO2) to the air.
2, BECCS is a technology we can use to restore the air to the way it used to be before Climate Change.
BECCS stands for Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage.
This website presents a BECCS plan that is far better than the current inefficient BECCS plan being advocated by the IPCC. 

 

A Practical Path for Adjusting The Climate Changing CO2 In The Air

The shock of the pandemic crisis could be just what is needed to consign less effective climate policies to the trash bin.

Stopping Climate Change might be quicker, easier, and cheaper than we think.    Please read: Prolog

Once the Coronavirus Pandemic has passed, we can employ both existing and new tools to achieve the 2050 1.5 ppm CO2 limit necessary to avoid disaster.

OLD EXISTING BECCS TOOLS: 1, Trees, 2, Saws, 3, The Sabatier chemical reaction (1885) to turn trees into synthetic natural gas.  (
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabatier_reaction )
NEW TOOLS: 1, Natural gas-burning, liquid CO2 producing, Allam power plants, 2, CO2 storage vault wells, 3, CarbFix CO2-to-Limestone [Carbonate] chemistry to lock liquid CO2 deep underground forever. 


Even if we stopped emitting all CO2 tomorrow, the world would continue getting warmer because the excess CO2 will go away very slowly.  Some will remain in the air for a thousand years.
The more CO2 we remove from the air now, the less total Global Warming we will have and the less CO2 we will eventually have to remove after we end CO2 emissions from fossil fuels.

Old growth forests that have already absorbed and stored massive amounts of climate-warming carbon dioxide from the air. Harvesting and then reforesting trees will then pull another slug of CO2 from the air.

"The low-end IPCC estimate requires pulling 100 billion tons of carbon dioxide from the air by 2100, roughly double the amount that humanity produces in a year.

([3,000 Allam power plants running for 50 years.] At 3 tons of CO2 per tree, 100 billion tons CO2 is about 33 billion trees. The world has about 3 trillion trees. A trillion is 1,000 billion. 3,000 billion trees minus 33 billion = 2,967 billion trees remaining.)

The high-end estimate is 1,000 billion tons, effectively forcing humanity to undo 20 years of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Either way, it means that carbon removal is no longer just a potential strategy for fighting climate change.
Given the very high likelihood we will overshoot our emissions reduction targets, carbon removal is now an absolute necessity for avoiding worst-case scenarios."
From:  https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2018/10/24/18001538/climate-change-co2-removal-negative-emissions-cdr-carbon-dioxide   See also:  https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2010/12/common-climate-misconceptions-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide/ 

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Back to the Future: The Municipal Gas House Facility (ca. 1805)

                         

We used to use coal to make "City Gas", we can use wood to make carbon-neutral "Synthetic Natural Gas" (Syngas).

 Carbon-neutral gas for warming cities to achieve the Deep Decarbonization goal.
Carbon-neutral gas for BECCS electricity and desalination plants to Repair the Air.
The CO2 that is taken from the air as the wood is growing can be liquefied and injected as CarbFix CO2 deep underground forever in a safe geological storage vault.

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The danger inherent in planting trees to combat Climate Change

There's danger in letting wood's CO2 decay back into the air as additional Climate Changing CO2 or worse, become dry tinder to create massive seasonal forest wildfires worldwide.
Old tree deadfall wood should be gathered up, shredded, and densified into combustion pellets to make electricity. Once burned in Allam Cycle CO2 holding power plants,
the wood's captured and liquefied CO2 can be safely stored forever in porous underground cavern vaults as CarbFix Limestone [Carbonate]. 
  https://www.carbfix.com/ 
Recent U.S. wildfire report pdf:  https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/114/18/4582.full.pdf    2.000.04.23 ----- Forests That Survive Mega fires Prove Good Management Trumps Climate Change
 

                
          

As an introduction to this website, your author is using the abstract portion of the scientific paper:  "Carbon sequestration via wood burial" by Ning Zeng.  

"To mitigate global climate change, a portfolio of strategies will be needed to keep the atmospheric CO2 concentration below a dangerous level.
Here a carbon sequestration strategy is proposed in
which certain dead or live trees are harvested via collection or selective cutting, then buried in trenches or stowed away in above-ground shelters.
The largely anaerobic condition under a
sufficiently thick layer of soil will prevent the decomposition of the buried wood.
Because a large
flux of CO2 is constantly being assimilated into the world's forests via photosynthesis, cutting off its return pathway to the atmosphere forms an effective carbon sink.

It is estimated that a sustainable long-term carbon sequestration potential for wood burial is 10 ± 5 GtC y-1, and currently about 65 GtC is on the world's forest floors in the form of coarse woody debris suitable for burial.
The potential is largest in tropical forests (4.2 GtC y-1),
followed by temperate (3.7 GtC y-1) and boreal forests (2.1 GtC y-1).
Burying wood has other benefits including
minimizing CO2 source from deforestation, extending the lifetime of reforestation carbon sink, and reducing fire danger.
There are possible environmental impacts such as nutrient lock-up which
nevertheless appears manageable, but other concerns and factors will likely set a limit so that only part of the full potential can be realized.

Based on data from North American logging industry, the cost for wood burial is estimated to be $14/tCO2($50/tC), far lower than the typical cost for power plant CO2 capture with geological storage.
The cost for carbon sequestration with wood burial is low because CO2 is removed from
the atmosphere by the natural process of photosynthesis at little cost.
The technique is low tech,
distributed, easy to monitor, safe, and reversible, thus an attractive option for large-scale implementation in a world-wide carbon market."



Th
e above article abstract is available from: http://www.cbmjournal.com/content/3/1/1 © 2008 Zeng; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.  Please read the whole paper. It's short and well-written.  [ 2.220.01.pdf  
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0),
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

ALSO: https://daily.jstor.org/the-miyawaki-method-a-better-way-to-build-forests/      Pellet Fuels Institute:  https://pellet.memberclicks.net/ 

https://www.iea.org/  http://task38.ieabioenergy.com/    International Energy Agency, IEA Bioenergy Task 38: "Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems", Investigates the climate effects of bioenergy and land-based carbon sequestration systems to support development of climate change mitigation strategies. Answers to ten frequently asked questions about bioenergy, carbon sinks and their role in global climate change.  [2.000.03.01]

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About Using Large Numbers of Trees To Remove Climate Change From the Air

The most recent data from NASA Earth Resources Surveys indicates there are about 3 Trillion trees on Planet Earth. A trillion is a thousand billion. A billion is a thousand million. A million is a thousand thousand.
Forestry estimates indicate the average tree weighs about 5 tons.
It is virtually impossible to make and burn the world's hardwood densified wood pellets faster than their wood can grow. 
[2.000.04.20]
Global daily industrial fossil energy consumption.)
Oil: 100 million barrels per day

 

 

 

 


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The Miracle of BECCS Technology

Using BECCS to store old tree CO2 underground forever in Carbon Capture and Storage Vaults
The CO2 would be stored underground forever (in CCS Vaults) as CarbFix Limestone [Carbonate], eventually ending Climate Change.  https://www.carbfix.com/ 
 

                     
  

   
New Technology: A new kind of oxy-combustion engine, the Allam Cycle, offers advanced BECCS technology for removing Climate Change from the air.
 

DOUBLE BENEFIT:
 

Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS), can make large amounts of electricity from trees while also capturing and storing underground forever the large amount of CO2 that the trees had earlier removed from the air while growing.
                                                   
This removes Climate Change from the air forever.

 

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Replacing the old Steam Carnot Energy Cycle with the new CO2 Allam Energy Cycle
for capturing CO
2 emissions to take maximum advantage of the BECCS CO2 Technology
 

 

The Allam Cycle power plant's introductory video https://netpower.com/the-cycle/ 
What the StoppingClimateChange website is suggesting: A wood-powered Allam Cycle power plant would make the most effective BECCS power plant in the world.


Using Allam Cycle BECCS to repair our air
   

The Allam Cycle is real.  A 30 megaWatt pilot plant (image above, right, click) has been running in La Port, Texas, for two years.
TOSHIBA will begin manufacturing a new, large, non-nuclear, city-size 300 megaWatt Allam power plant in 2021-2. It can do BECCS much better than other proposed BECCS power plants.
Called the Allam Cycle power plant, it captures ALL it's emissions so it has no smokestack.
Since it's non-nuclear, it shouldn't need any special technical staff or licensing beyond the Class VI CO
2 disposal well.   https://www.epa.gov/uic/class-vi-wells-used-geologic-sequestration-co2
(A major risk for nuclear is the need to provide the full spectrum of regulatory safety reviews and oversight of the project.)
Allam Cycle BECCS can remove more climate changing CO2 from the air per gigaWatt of capacity than any other electricity generating technology.
 

Global BECCS, done big enough and long enough, plus global deep decarbonization, is all we need to do to end Climate Change forever.

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First Look

In his scientific paper about the Allam Cycle, Dan F. Smith, et al*, rates the 300 megaWatt Toshiba Allam Cycle power plant at 772,200 tons of CO2 sequestered per year.
That means 45,325 Allam Cycle plants could remove a year's worth of current CO2 emissions (35 Billion tons) from the air in a year, perhaps repairing the air in about 50 years.
 At 3 tons of CO2 per tree, 100 billion tons CO2 is about 33 billion trees. The world has about 3 trillion trees. A trillion is 1,000 billion. 3,000 billion trees minus 33 billion = 2,967 billion trees remaining.
(1 hectare = 2.47105 acres, = 0.00386102 sq miles, = 0.0099999958937700001 sq kilometers.) 
This shows how big a job repairing Planet Earth's air is going to be.

But not impossible. The world currently has well over 50,000 running fossil-fuel power plants.
This many wood-burning Allam Cycle power plants would effectively stop today's Climate Change's growth in it's tracks.
$30 per ton CO2 sequestered, $50 per megaWatt-hour seems to be the ballpark money available over a 60-year plant life.  https://www.equinor.com/en/what-we-do/h2hsaltend.html 

Bottom Line: The wood of trees must be kept from returning their CO2 back to the air when they die. With CarbFix sequestration, CO2 is locked deep underground forever. It cannot be recovered.

Dan F. Smith's scientific paper: "Process and Carbon Footprint Analyses of the Allam Cycle Power Plant Integrated with an Air Separation Unit" 15/Sep/2019  appeared in 'Clean Technologies' Journal. 
Google fetched a free pdf copy for your author at:
  https://www.mdpi.com/2571-8797/1/1/22 
Engineers should have a copy in hand because the paper will give them detailed insight into how the Allam thermodynamic cycle both functions and performs.   [2.804.35] 

Clean Energy Systems ( http://www.cleanenergysystems.com/ ) has a similar predecessor system in the same league but appears to be using somewhat earlier different technology.

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Making Carbon-neutral Syngas
An Advanced Allam Cycle Bio-Energy Facility with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)

About 20% Of The World's Energy Is Used To Make Electricity.  Using Wood Pellets To Make Most Of The World's Electricity Will Repair The Air.
(Below) This is how a wood-powered Allam Cycle BECCS power plant could make electricity while repairing the air.  
It would sequester 3/4 million tons of CO2 each year ($75,000,000 @ $100/ton) while producing 2,628,000 megaWatt-hours ($131,400,000 @ $50 mW-h) of electricity each year.


Air's CO2, captured by trees as they grow, can be permanently recovered and locked underground forever by BECCS power plants. If trees decay on the forest floor, their CO2 returns to the air to make Climate Change worse.
Similar Plasma Torch Gasifiers have been built and sold in Asia for converting raw (bio+trash) city garbage (Metropolitan Solid Waste - MSW) into adequate quality synthesis gas to power utility electricity generating turbines.
A key critical feature of this power plant site is that it is located directly over an adequate CO2 geological sequestration vault site for fastest and least expensive CarbFix CO2 sequestration.
The Natural Gas Reformer producing the additional hydrogen necessary for the complete Methanation of plasma pyrolyzed wood is operating in the IEA World Energy Council's 'BLUE' Low CO2 Emissions mode. [2.701.98]

Bottom Line: The chemistry to make synthetic natural gas out of wood already exists at small plant size.
This website is suggesting leading chemical engineering and construction companies look into providing wood-gasification systems for large Allam Cycle power plants on a global basis.

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Carbon Capture CO2 Underground Storage Vault Locations:
U.S. and Global Deep Underground BECCS Negative CO2 Storage Zones

The United States' Carbon Capture and Storage Situation:
"The United States has the technological potential to offset roughly only a decade’s worth of its current CO2 emissions through biological sequestration (i.e., planting trees, etc.,) but a few hundred years’ worth of emissions through carbon dioxide capture and sequestration." - from Congressional Budget Office "The Potential for Carbon Sequestration in the United States, 2007" - Summary, page 2. 

See CarbFix: CO2 Locked in the ground forever. Watch:
  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zDZmIDbDO0   (Skip the ad someone inserted in front of the video.)
If water is added to the liquid CO2 as it is pumped into the ground, the CO2 will turn into limestone [carbonate] after a few years. This locks the CO2 underground forever.

               
Maps Showing various UNDERGROUND CARBON CAPTURE STORAGE STRATA LOCATIONS 
See:  "Geospatial analysis of near-term potential for carbon-negative bioenergy in the United States" by Ejeong Baik, et al.  https://www.pnas.org/content/115/13/3290  (pdf)
Locations without carbon disposal will have to rely on renewables
- wind, solar - for their electricity.

Bottom Line: BECCS Power Plants for rolling back Climate Change can be located over CO2 storage zones almost anywhere.

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Stopping Climate Change might be quicker, easier, and cheaper than we think.
The electrical grid enables BECCS electricity plants to be located over CO2 disposal strata distant from population centers.


30,000 illuminated cities could mean more than 30,000 nearby coal power plants. 20,000 Allam BECCS power plants could, over 50 to 200 years, roll Climate Change back to normal or less.
We could build BECCS power plants next to existing unneeded coal power plants on their property to roll back Climate Change at minimal delay and cost.

 

Legacy coal power plants are already connected to electrical grids.        
Nearly 300 coal-fired power plants have been "retired" since 2010 in the U.S. alone, according to the Sierra Club.

 

Bottom Line: Stopping, then rolling back, Climate Change might be quicker, easier, and cheaper than we think.

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Phase One: Deep Decarbonization

 

Phase One: Deep Decarbonization       (This website:)  http://deepdecarbonization.org/   Stopping the production of Climate-changing CO2.
("Deep Decarbonization" means ending at least 80% of the Climate Changing carbon dioxide (CO2) we are making, the Prerequisite for permanently Repairing the Air)
StoppingClimateChange.com is about building wood synthetic natural gas burning electricity power plants, and/or desalinators, and/or city heating gas plants, to roll back Climate Change AT SCALE.  Cited pdfs describe the United States' portion of the Deep Decarbonization website's technology recommendations.

Why Phase One, Deep Decarbonization?   There is no point in beginning Phase Two, Repairing the Air, if the air doesn't have a chance to stay repaired because our energy sources are not sufficiently deeply decarbonized.

The Deep Decarbonization .org Website is one of several groups working to sort out what actually needs to be done to achieve Deep Decarbonization. Currently, the 16 most energy intensive industrial countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, UK, USA) are being examined.
 
Deep Decarbonization Website:   http://deepdecarbonization.org/  
[2.000.08.00]
Deep Decarbonization:  http://deepdecarbonization.org/countries/    http://deepdecarbonization.org/countries/visualization-of-country-scenarios/
Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_Decarbonization_Pathways_Project

United States:   http://deepdecarbonization.org/countries/#united-states 
United States:   https://unfccc.int/files/focus/long-term_strategies/application/pdf/mid_century_strategy_report-final_red.pdf 
United States:  Technical Report:   http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/US_Deep_Decarbonization_Technical_Report.pdf
United States:  Technical Report:  Executive Summary:   http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/US_Deep_Decarbonization_Technical_Report_Exec_Summary.pdf
United States:  Policy Report:    http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/US_Deep_Decarbonization_Policy_Report.pdf
United States:  Policy Report:  Executive Summary:   http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/US_Deep_Decarbonization_Policy_Report_Exec_Summary.pdf 

This website is an effort to persuade the United Nations International Panel of Climate Control (IPCC) to upgrade it's post-decarbonization thinking to using modern BECCS technology as a foundation for Repairing the Air.

To put this website in perspective, see also:  https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/09/20200908-audidac.html    https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/09/20200908-ricardo.html 

 

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2021

2021 Is Our Opportunity To Demonstrate Both Deep Decarbonization and Repairing the Air to the World

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Example #1:  The Deep Decarbonization  of Building Complexes
Tens of thousands of large building complexes are major contributors to global Climate Change.

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What Congress Can Do To Demonstrate To The World That The United States Has Emerged From A Time Of Environmental Darkness
 

Part 1. Deep decarbonizing the U.S. Capitol Complex in Washington, D.C., as the world's first Capitol Complex to achieve CARBON-NEUTRALITY.

     

U.S. BIOMASS FACILITIES: www.biomasspowerassociation.com

 


* Steam Heat & Cooling system: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absorption_refrigerator  

 

By powering the U.S. Capitol Building Complex with synthetic natural gas made from wood pellets, the emissions become "CO2-neutral" (Green) and do not add to the world's climate change burden.
No other country's capitol could make that claim unless they did the same thing.
Several European countries are working hard to develop synthetic natural gas technology. It shouldn't be too expensive to add synthetic natural gas to any building complex that is set up like the U.S. Capitol.

This is not a trivial thing. Everyone pays attention to what the power centers of the world do.

Worldwide, thousands of large building complexes such as colleges and universities, hospitals, factories, airport terminals, military bases, industrial and business centers have central power plants like the U.S. Capitol Building Complex.  Combined, as with airplanes and ocean-going ships, thousands of large building complexes are major contributors to global Climate Change.

Large companies like Microsoft, IBM, and Amazon are beginning to make commitments to become "Carbon-Neutral" by some time in the near future such as 2030 or 2040.

This is the direction the big-money troops are marching.

It's high time the government gets out in front of them and leads.

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Example #2:  Repairing the Air  using a building complex's power system

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Part 2. Carbon-Capturing the U.S. Capitol Complex in Washington, D.C. as the world's first Capitol to REMOVE climate-changing CO2 FROM the air.

This application depicts BioEnergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) technology

This image first appeared on this website 10 years ago when Nancy Pelosi did her first Tour Of Duty (2007 to 2011) as speaker of the House.  As head of the House, Nancy Pelosi is in charge of mowing the lawn and writing work orders for projects like the above diagram. At the time, a couple of gas-fired combined heat and power units were being proposed to replace the coal boilers in the Capital Complex Boiler House and I was suggesting to the world we add a carbon capture unit to make the U.S. Capitol the world's first carbon-capture Capitol. Legislative work in this area was completed years ago.
 (Waxman - Markey Bill, May 18, 2009 - Never brought to the floor of the Senate.) 2.000.00.05.

This is a good example of a current state-of-the-art "Post-combustion Carbon Capture" retrofit application that could be a small Dutch allothermal synthetic natural gas wood pellet BECCS powered turbine unit like they have been developing in Europe.  https://www.kit.edu/kit/english/pi_2018_107_production-of-renewable-gas-from-waste-wood.php
At 90% carbon capture for 130% capital, fuel and power output loss, that amount of parasitic burden is about as good as can be expected for non-Allam technology BUT it can be built using developed technology and installed anywhere and everywhere and used on existing power plants and hospital heating plant equipment to clean up environmentally dirty sites.

         

(Left image) Yellow Pushpin: Capitol Complex Power House, Red Dot: Coal Yard, (shown enlarged in Right image).
The existing coal railroad spur, coal pile area could be used to provide space for an allothermal wood pellet gasification facility and carbon capture facility for the two new Capitol Complex heat and power units.
Adding this facility would make the the U.S. Capitol Complex the world's first Capitol to REMOVE climate-changing CO2 FROM the air.

Above: Layout Images of United States' Capitol Complex.

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BACKGROUND: Climate Change is caused by burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Burning fossil fuels produces the 'greenhouse' gas carbon dioxide (CO2).  Scientists say about 400 billion tons of excess carbon dioxide gas (CO2) has accumulated in the air since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution (1800) and is acting like a blanket preventing Planet Earth from being properly cooled from the Sun's heat by the cold of deep space.
Trees grow by removing CO2 from the air and using that CO2 to make wood. About half the weight of wood is CO2, so 800 billion tons of trees would contain 400 billion tons of CO2. Since an average tree weighs about 2 tons, that would be about 400 billion trees or about 12% of Planet Earth's 3 trillion trees. (A trillion is a thousand billion, a billion is a thousand million, a million is a thousand thousands.) Or, about 11 million trees per day for 100 years.
This 400 billion tons of CO2 could be removed from the air. A prerequisite would be the decarbonization (i.e., windmills, nuclear, carbon-neutral fuels, etc.) of all energy systems to prevent CO2 re-contamination of the air.
First, the existing trees would be thermochemically converted to synthetic natural gas, burned to make electricity, then the CO2 that was unlocked from the wood stored (sequestered) underground forever using the CO2 additive "CarbFix"  https://www.carbfix.com/  to initiate stopping Climate Change. The ground can safely store many times this amount. If CarbFix is not used, the old CO2 may eventually find a way to return to the air.
Then the process of replanting and regrowing the same number of trees would remove the excess CO2 that is currently in the air now, thereby repairing the air by restoring it what it was before Climate Change. In practice, this process of sequestering old wood and growing new wood would take place concurrently over perhaps 100 years.

There are over 200 biomass power plants in the U.S., worldwide, there are about 3,600. By 2025, there are projected to be about 5,700 biomass power plants.

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"Technological fixes are often far simpler, and therefore cheaper, than the doomsayers could have imagined." -  ( From Prologue )

One objective of this website is to communicate that - in some ways - the current Climate Change crisis resembles the world's early 1900s horseshit crisis described in this website's 'Prologue' story.
You can't see or smell them, but your car's 150+ horsepower engine is capable of making appallingly large amounts of CO2 turds when you stand on the accelerator.

Here’s an analogy that Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, who helped compile some of the climate research data for the World Bank, likes to use:
"Take the human body. If your temperature rises 2°C, you have a significant fever. If it rises 4°C or 6°C you can die. It’s not a linear change."

 

 

The 547-page report, the most ambitious Democratic climate plan to date, calls for setting a price on carbon dioxide pollution, eliminating pollution from cars by 2035 and from power plants by 2040 and achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
It also aims to make environmental justice a focus and says marginalized communities that often suffer the worst effects of climate change and pollution must get "the tangible benefits" of climate action. - - - July 1, 2020

2.701.22 Why the Color of a Colorless Gas Matters for Green Energy.doc