Stopping Climate Change By Scaling Up Production of Renewable Fuels
Part 1
, Stopping Climate Change's relentless 100 million-ton-per-day CO2 intensification by phasing out all fossil fuels. Switching to renewable fuels would stop perhaps 60% while also providing mankind with an endless supply of cheap climate-safe fossil fuel substitutes.
Part 2
, Once we stop adding CO2 to the air, we might be able to suck enough CO2 back out of the air to eventually restore our climate to near-normal.

 Energy+Hydrogen+Biomass System - (Slides) - Dr Charles W. Forsberg .pdf  - - - - Quick slide show explanation by the originators of this idea. - - -  What your site author has changed.

Equipment  >  1 Unneeded Coal Power Plant Site  2 Re-equipping A Clean Energy Park  3 Power Plant Choices  4 Hydrogen Generator  5 Biomass Preparation Equipment  6 Plasma Torch Gasifier  7 GTL Refinery  8 Fuels Description

INDEX / Sitemap  Sitemap                                                   Discussion Pages. >        Introduction        A Quick Tour
Site Facilities:   
 1  Unneeded Coal Power Plant Site      2  Engineering The Re-equipping Of A Clean Energy Park    2.1  Pilot & Prototype Power Plants    2a Pilot Plant      2b Prototype Plant      2c Final Design Plant       
Power Plant:       3  Power Plant Choices    3a Stand-alone Full Site Carbon Capture Plant    Fossil:    3b  Natural Gas    3c Oil Hybrid CO2    Nuclear:    3d  General Atomics 1,560F    3e  NuScale 550F    3f  ThorCon 1,300F    3g  Terrestrial  1,300F 
Fuel Feedstock:   4  Hydrogen Generator      5  Biomass Preparation      6  Plasma Torch Biomass Gasifier     
Refinery:              7  Biofuel Refinery      7a Skyscrubber      8 Renewable BioFuels      Fuels:   
8a Renewable E85 BioEthanol     8b Renewable M70 BioMethanol     8c Renewable BioJet & BioDiesel     8d Renewable Hydrogen     8e Renewable Natural BioGas

Recycling air's CO2 carbon into cheap, clean fuels - abstract sketch above and shown in the sketch immediately below - using standard industrial equipment to assemble GTL fuel molecules [ GTL ] from gasified biomass to make CO2-neutral fuels.
The big win is that we change only the fuels, not everything in the world that uses fuels.  Much quicker and cheaper.  For the average person, we won't have to buy electric cars, heat pumps to heat our water and houses, we can keep air travel and our current lifestyles.
                                                                                                                                Renewable energy solutions do not require expensive vehicle and appliance changeouts or costly new mandates.
Since all living beings are tied to carbon, sensible carbon understanding and management has to be the solution for humankind in the long run. This web site shows how we can make the switch from fossil fuels to sustainable combustion fuels. CO2's carbon is an essential component product of most kinds of fire.

The world's 50,000+ coal power plants and 500+ oil refineries are causing most of this Climate Change.  Converting about 15,000 of the unneeded medium-sized coal plants to CLEAN ENERGY PARKS is a FAST-TRACK way to Deep Decarbonize Earth's energy in about 10 years.  
The oil industry has the ability to do this.
(The oil industry is in the fuel business, not the fossil business.)   
Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) Technology Explained:  Watch video:  then, for context, watch:  GTL  
This website is suggesting that mankind continue to use energy dense - but carbon-neutral - liquid fuels for vehicles and gas fuels for heating applications.
NRG ) claims energy in combined global waste is the equivalent of 239 million bbls/day of liquid fuels if the waste's energy is not also used to make the fuels. The world is currently pumping about 92 million bbls/day of oil.


Fast-tracking  Stopping Climate Change By Scaling Up Production of Renewable Fuels
Using up the last of our fossil fuels in clean carbon-captured power plants to manufacture environmentally safe liquid biofuels like
biogasoline, biodiesel, biojet fuel, heating biogas.
 How do we begin converting unneeded coal power plants into Clean Energy Parks and is this a chance for the coal power plant owners and workers to get rich if they do it?

We need about 15,000 Clean Energy Parks immediately to head off the worst of Climate Change.  We have a head start on obtaining Clean Energy Parks with the growing availability of unneeded coal power plant sites since, worldwide, there will be over 50,000 unneeded coal power plants in the future. 

 This page is a "splash" page to quickly bring you up to speed about an extremely complex subject.


How Fire, Carbon Neutrality, and Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Work

      (Left) Fire.       (Left) Carbon-to-Hydrogen ratios in combustion fuels.     (Left) Carbon captured gas power plant.              (Left)  CO2 disposal capacities for Michigan counties.

What is "Carbon_neutrality"?:
"Fossil fuel" means we are using the carbon atoms from ancient fossil fuel that was removed from the ground, which, when burned, it's carbon is then dumped into the air forever where most of it accumulates, causing Climate Change. So old it's like it is from another planet.
When a carbon atom is
fired in air, it bonds with a couple of air's oxygen atoms, creating carbon dioxide and releasing chemical heat. Adding carbon dioxide to the air causes the air to reflect heat back down to Planet Earth - like a blanket. Eventually, excess heat buildup causes Climate Change.

This website is suggesting instead we use the carbon atoms from plants which removed their carbon from the air to make their cellulose (wood) while growing. When fuel made from renewable carbon atoms is burned, these carbon atoms are returned to the air, i.e., creating a carbon-neutral fire.
So the air neither looses nor gains carbon atoms and Climate Change doesn't get worse. When Climate Change's relentless 100 million-ton-per-day CO2 growth is stopped, it then becomes possible to reverse Climate Change by using direct air carbon capture methods to remove CO2 FROM the air.


Developed Industries Already Using Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) Technologies

1. Shell Pearl: The world's largest Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) refinery 
Showing what the oil industry could do to abate Climate Change using syngas-to-liquids GTL technologies. Check out Shell's introductory video "What is Pearl GTL?"
This website is about
clean Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) fuels. What is GTL? You can go back and also check out Shell's other video "Shell's GTL Technology".

Shell Pearl clearly and simply illustrates the realization that the world's oil industry has the capacity - personnel, know-how, equipment, and economic ability - to rescue the world from much of the growth of Climate Change if the world would make it worth their while.
Global mass production of simple, standardized, trouble-free Clean Energy Parks should bring substantial reductions in cost-per-park along with improved performance and reliability. Think what mass produced cars, airplanes, and ships have made possible.
(Plasma torches break matter down into it's basic atoms for re-assembly into new molecules.  Although rare on earth, plasma (think lightning and Star Trek weapons) is the fourth state of matter. Plasma is the most common form of matter in space.)
Notice the plasma gasifier has a 1,000 tons-of-garbage-per-day appetite so it needs to be located near 1 large or at the intersection between several medium size cities or in a forest near a number of sawmills and paper mills.


2.  Fulcrum to build second waste-to-fuels plant in Gary, Indiana: 
______________________________  is using city garbage (MSW) to make electricity now! 
Check out their videos.
3.  Don't let garbage go to waste!   -   Let's not fritter away valuable CO2-neutral syngas by burning it to make electricity.  -  Make carbon-neutral gasoline instead!

Since we are talking about re-equipping 15,000 unneeded coal power plants spread all over the world, great economies - time, cost, initial fabrication, installation, reliability, maintenance, performance - can be realized by standardizing the facility machinery by using the same international equipment harmonization practices that were evolved during World War II between the U.S., Great Britain, and Russia.


Enough Clean Energy Parks To Save The World
The world has over 50,000 coal power plants. We can re-equip 15,000 unneeded coal power plants to be Clean Energy Parks to stop Climate Change.
Even if it cost 1 Billion Dollars for each Clean Energy Park, we are talking about 15 Trillion dollars spread over the world's 80 trillion annual total GNPs (in US$) over 10 years.
15,000 400 megaWatt Clean Energy Parks would produce 6 teraWatts (1 tW = 1 million megaWatts) of electricity. This is about the world's 2014 connected electrical grid capacity ( ).  [I'm thinking each CEP would have 2 200 mW electrical generators.]  

Here is a small rural coal power plant site scheduled for shutdown that is working very hard to re-equip itself to provide local industry with a cleaner energy industrial park: 
Note: U.S. Supercritical and Ultra Supercritical Thermal (Coal) plants and their sites should be reserved for future carbon capture development and considered out of bounds for Clean Energy Parks.

The entire world is covered with similar coal power plant sites about to be shut down due to either emissions or worn out. We couldn't be more fortunate

 Lights = Cities = Coal Power Plants. There are well over 100,000 power plants - coal, oil, gas, hydro, nuclear, wind, solar, etc., in the world. (click)


(Left) U.S. Coal Power Plant Shutdown Schedule: Red-2000 to 2014, Yellow-2014 to 2050.    (Center) U.S., (Right) Global Carbon Capture (CCS) Storage Locations.

There are about 50,000 more or less identical coal power plant sites worldwide that could make clean energy manufacturing locations.
No magic to tripling a coal power plant site's power output. Just install a three or more times as powerful carbon-captured gas turbine or modular molten salt reactor (SMR) adjacent to the abandoned old coal equipment.

          Global Oil Refineries (click)                                                                     Global Industrial Gasification Facilities (click)

An Oil Refinery


Knowledge Resources


                             2016_billion_ton_report_12.2.16_0.pdf (400+ Pages)                        Methanol - The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future.pdf


The opportunities to reequip our liquid fuels industries with climate-neutral biomass waste-to-fuel energies are staggering.
(If you want economy, buy methanol.    If you want mileage, buy gasoline.    If you want neither, buy ethanol.)


The Climate Change Outlook


So, by adding or removing air's CO2, we can set the world's thermostat wherever we like. . . . . .
The CO2 in the air acts like a blanket - the more CO2, the thicker the blanket. Taking CO2 out of the air is like taking a blanket off your bed - you feel the change quickly. More heat in the air makes summer storms more powerful.

1.  What would happen if CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions ended, but existing levels in the atmosphere largely remained in place?  Land surface temperatures, being already in equilibrium, should show no further increases, but remain about where they are until greenhouse radiation can be lowered. 
The oceans are different.  They would continue delivering much of their regular energy intake to the waters below, but those waters do not have an infinite capacity to add heat.  They would continue to grow warmer, but, with ocean surfaces no longer gaining energy from above, the difference between warmth of the surface and warmth of the lower waters would narrow, and the lower waters would gradually take less and less heat from the surface as the two approached equilibrium, allowing the surface and the closely related air above to grow warmer.  While this was happening the surface would gradually be catching up with land temperatures, dragging the lower water temperatures up with it, over a very long period of time, centuries.
2.  Land and ocean surface temperatures can both eventually be reduced, but not until the total amount of incoming energy they experience is reduced, principally by subtracting greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.  Unfortunately, 2018 saw, not a subtraction, but a record addition.
- Carl - This entry was posted in Daily Climate Letters.       Bookmark the permalink.



"Nothing in life is more liberating than to fight for a cause larger than yourself, something that encompasses you but is not defined by your existence alone" - John McCain.

"Technological fixes are often far simpler, and therefore cheaper, than the doomsayers could have imagined." -  ( From Prologue )

The objective of this website is to communicate that the Climate Change crisis is similar to the horseshit crisis described in the Prologue's story and to point out that a solution to the Climate Change crisis can spring from existing coal power plants.

The material presented on this web site was gathered from the internet or a few personal photos over the the last 10 years by a long-retired utility and industrial control systems engineer living mostly on Social Security.  His motivation for building this web site/blog rather than a model railroad is his concern that most of the people making decisions about Climate Change are from academia or politics and quite a few of their Climate Change mitigation solutions - i.e., wind, solar, massive batteries, etc. - display only a superficial awareness of the consequences of thrusting massive amounts of chaotically fluctuating electricity from these sources into the electricity grids powering modern industries located in technologically advanced countries.
Old coal power plant sites, as Clean Energy Parks, would be platforms for industries offering clean energy solutions such as fuel synthesis that need the stable, predictable, no-carbon 24/7/365 electricity and heat available from Carbon-captured and nuclear power plants.


You have seen what the world's first fast-track Climate Change mitigation web site has to offer.  There must be smarter folks out there with even better ideas.  Let's see them!
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Disclaimer: This website is energy talk by an engineer exploring Climate Change's energy concepts and opportunities for creating a clean combustion fuel future - not professional engineering advice.
This project is being done by a retiree who chose Climate Change rather than building a model railroad. It will take years before all pages are complete. 

vi-BBQNT8O  (fun)             Sitemap      About     Preface     Acknowledgment     Introduction      Prolog     A Quick Tour